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The Law Relating to Body Piercing and Tattoos

By: Sarah Clark (ILEX) - Updated: 17 May 2018 | comments*Discuss
 
Law Enforcement Health Safety Local

Having a tattoo or a body piercing is a big decision, and in a lot of cases, a permanent one. Until recently, the laws applying to tattoos and body piercing were sketchy to say the least, and it could be hard to tell who was reputable and who to avoid.

What Laws Apply to Body Art?

The main areas of law that relate to body piercing and tattoos cover the health, safety and licensing of any premises that carries out 'cosmetic' skin piercing and permanent tattooing. These laws are:

  • The Health and Safety at Work etc Act (HSWA,1974)
  • The Local Government (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1982 ( recently amended by the Local Government Act 2003)
  • Laws relating to Age and consent
  • The Tattooing of Minors Act 1969
  • Assault implications
  • The Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act (1985)
  • Anaesthetics - The Medicines Act (1968
  • Legal exemptions affecting some special treatments.

Who has to be Registered?

All businesses that carry out ear piercing and permanent tattooing must be registered under the Local Government (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, and since 2004, local authorities also regulate salons and other businesses that carry out body piercing, and semi-permanent skin-colouring techniques such as micropigmentation, semi-permanent make-up or temporary tattoo services.Local authorities have the powers to inspect any premises that carry out piercing or tattooing, and make sure that they are observing local byelaws that relate to the hygiene of their premises, staff and equipment.

How Old Do I Have to Be for Piercing?

There is no legal age of consent for body piercing, and so it's legal for someone under the age of 18 to have a piercing as long as they have consented to it. Children under the age of 16 can't legally consent to a genital (or in the case of girls, nipple) piercing, as it's considered to be indecent assault. There are no plans to introduce an age of consent for body piercing in any areas other than the genitals, although some local authorities have introduced recommendations about the ages at which a person can have specific body piercings.

How Old Do I Have to be for a Tattoo?

The Tattooing of Minors Act 1969 makes it illegal for anyone to tattoo you if you are under the age of 18 - although the offence is with the person who carries out the procedure, rather than the person who asks for the tattoo. New guidelines suggest that a tattoo artist should ask to see proof of age and record this before agreeing to tattoo you.

What Must I be Asked?

Before a piercing or tattoo is carried out, the studio should, by law, ask some important health questions, as well as making sure you have all the appropriate aftercare advice.

They should ask you about any allergies or health problems that may affect your tattoo or piercing, and they are also obliged to keep detailed records of this consultation for up to two years. This protects you as a client, as it makes sure that the piercer or tattoo artist knows in advance whether there are any issues that could lead to complications - or even be dangerous for you.

Aftercare Advice?

After you've been pierced, or your tattoo is complete, you should be given specific advice about what to expect, and how to look after your new artwork.

Local authorities will expect businesses to give out basic advice, mostly relating to hygiene, for example the time you can expect to wait before the wound is fully healed, how to keep the piercing or tattoo clean and dry and avoiding infection.

The laws have been tightened up considerably in recent years, following horror stories about underage tattoos and body piercing that has led to septicaemia. At least with the stricter regulations, you should be assured that anywhere you visit has been registered with and inspected by health and safety officers. If they aren't registered - leave well alone.

If you do decide to have a piercing or tattoo make sure you find a Reputable Tattoo Parlour.

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Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
[Add a Comment]
ant - Your Question:
My daughter of 16 has just had a tattoo done, her mum said it was ok, but against my wishes is this still against the law and can I report the shop

Our Response:
Yes, the Tattooing of Minors Act 1969 makes it illegal for anyone to tattoo you if you are under the age of 18. The offencelies with the person who carries out the procedure. The mother may have provided fraudulent ID so you'll need to check this out.
BeautyTreatmentExpert - 18-May-18 @ 12:55 PM
my daughter of 16 has just had a tattoo done, her mum said it was ok, but against my wishes is this still against the law and can i report the shop
ant - 17-May-18 @ 1:09 PM
yaz - Your Question:
Hello I'm 18 yet have no ID. if I'm accompanied by someone over 18 can I get nipple piercings ?? or tongue piercings ?? thank you

Our Response:
No you will be asked for ID of your own. Anything with a date of birth and photo on it should be accepted as proof of ID. A railcard or provisional driving licence etc?
BeautyTreatmentExpert - 15-May-18 @ 3:40 PM
hello I'm 18 yet have no ID. if I'm accompanied by someone over 18 can i get nipple piercings ?? or tongue piercings ?? thank you
yaz - 12-May-18 @ 7:38 PM
Hi I'm 16 and 10 month's I don't live with any parent or gradian. Can I get my belly pierced without parent consent or without a parent been present. Thanks
Dione - 26-Apr-18 @ 8:58 AM
Hey I’m 16 and I’m turning 17 I’m in June, I really want my nipples doing if my parents would give consent could the Piercers do it? Thanks
Me - 22-Apr-18 @ 9:15 PM
Hi Can a person aged 17 in Scotland accompany a person getting a tattoo and be in the room while the person gets it done
Lolli - 15-Apr-18 @ 6:16 PM
Jessica - Your Question:
Hi, I’m 12 and I want to get my nose and septum pierced in the USA and I don’t know if I need permission from my parents or I need to be at least 14.

Our Response:
Sorry, our site is UK based, we don't know what the regulations are in the USA.
BeautyTreatmentExpert - 10-Apr-18 @ 3:31 PM
Hi, I’m 12 and I want to get my nose and septum pierced in the USA and I don’t know if I need permission from my parents or I need to be at least 14.
Jessica - 10-Apr-18 @ 1:25 AM
Hey, I'm 12 and in the UK. I was wondering if it would be possible for ne to get a temporary tattoo from a tattoo parlor with parental consent. Is that possible, or do I have to wait until I'm at least 16?
Ally - 3-Apr-18 @ 10:23 PM
Im 16 and want nipple piercings. Can i get them with my parent being present?
Luhjaas - 3-Apr-18 @ 5:27 PM
I’m 14 and I want a lip piercing (preferably spider bites) do I need my mums consent for it to happen or do I have to be 18+ to get it done?
jenna - 2-Apr-18 @ 7:59 PM
I am 11 nearly 12 in a few days and want my belly button peirced in the uk would I be able with parental consent
Madi - 31-Mar-18 @ 7:40 PM
Hi, I'm 16 and I want a nipple piercing in the UK. Can I get it without ID if I am accompanied by a parent? Thanks.
1ndsh - 28-Mar-18 @ 5:37 PM
Eilish - Your Question:
I’m 14 and I was wondering if I can get a nipple piercing with my parents permissions?

Our Response:
No, you will need to wait until you are at least 18 before a piercer will do a nipple piercing.
BeautyTreatmentExpert - 27-Mar-18 @ 11:58 AM
I’m 14 and I was wondering if I can get a nipple piercing with my parents permissions?
Eilish - 24-Mar-18 @ 12:32 PM
azzzzzzzzz- Your Question:
Im gonna be 17 in a couple weeks and I would like my nipple piercing do I need consent

Our Response:
Check with your local authority to see if they have any specific rules in place for ear piercing salons in your area. In generalthere is no legal age of consent for body piercing, and so it's legal for someone under the age of 18 to have a piercing as long as they have consented to it. Children under the age of 16 can't legally consent to a genital (or in the case of girls, nipple) piercing, as it's considered to be indecent assault.
BeautyTreatmentExpert - 19-Mar-18 @ 2:10 PM
Hi I just turn 16 two days ago would I need a parents concent to get my belly button pierced??
Biscuit - 17-Mar-18 @ 10:21 PM
im gonna be 17 in a couple weeks and i would like my nipple piercing do i need consent
azzzzzzzzz - 16-Mar-18 @ 5:18 PM
I am 13 and I want to get my belly button peirced will I need parent consent
Kaisha allen - 11-Mar-18 @ 11:42 PM
mike - Your Question:
I wanted to get my septum piercing done and I wanted to know whether I need a parent with me. I am 16.

Our Response:
There is no legal age of consent for body piercing, and so it's legal for someone under the age of 18 to have a piercing as long as they have consented to it. Check with your local council as some have their own rules about the ages at which a person can have specific body piercings or whether parental consent is needed.
BeautyTreatmentExpert - 2-Mar-18 @ 3:23 PM
I wanted to get my septum piercing done and I wanted to know whether I need a parent with me. I am 16.
mike - 28-Feb-18 @ 9:20 PM
Beth - Your Question:
I am 15 and want to get my cartlidge pierced(top of ear), do I need consent for that?

Our Response:
here is no legal age of consent for body piercing, and so it's legal for someone under the age of 18 to have a piercing as long as they have consented to it. Children under the age of 16 can't legally consent to a genital (or in the case of girls, nipple) piercing, as it's considered to be indecent assault. Some local authorities havetheir own regulations so you should contact them.
BeautyTreatmentExpert - 28-Feb-18 @ 3:31 PM
I am 15 and want to get my cartlidge pierced(top of ear), do I need consent for that?
Beth - 27-Feb-18 @ 8:37 PM
Fay - Your Question:
Im 15 & want my belly pierced.am I allowed to without parental consent

Our Response:
This depends on any local conditions in your area, you'd have to ask your local council about their licensing laws that state minimum age or parentall consent. In general, as the article says: "There is no legal age of consent for body piercing, and so it's legal for someone under the age of 18 to have a piercing as long as they have consented to it. Children under the age of 16 can't legally consent to a genital (or in the case of girls, nipple) piercing, as it's considered to be indecent assault. "
BeautyTreatmentExpert - 16-Feb-18 @ 2:07 PM
Curtinha Ink - Your Question:
Hello, from what age can I have female genital piercings in England. If I don't have I.D. to proof my age, how can I have my genital piercing done without I.D and Parental consent, please?Thank you

Our Response:
When you're 18 you can have them done, with ID. Some local authorities may have different rules.
BeautyTreatmentExpert - 14-Feb-18 @ 3:29 PM
im 15 & want my belly pierced......am I allowed to without parental consent
Fay - 14-Feb-18 @ 2:10 PM
Hello, from what age can i have female genital piercings in England. If i don't have I.D. to proof my age, how can i have my genital piercing done without I.D and Parental consent, please? Thank you
Curtinha Ink - 14-Feb-18 @ 2:05 PM
Curly wurly - Your Question:
I am a 17 year old female can I get a tattoo when I am 17 or do I have to wait till I am 28

Our Response:
You will need to wait until you're 18. From the above article:
"The Tattooing of Minors Act 1969 makes it illegal for anyone to tattoo you if you are under the age of 18 - although the offence is with the person who carries out the procedure, rather than the person who asks for the tattoo"
BeautyTreatmentExpert - 13-Feb-18 @ 3:26 PM
Sam - Your Question:
I’m a 17 year old female can I have my nipple pierced without parents consent.

Our Response:
From the article above: "How Old Do I Have to Be for Piercing?
There is no legal age of consent for body piercing, and so it's legal for someone under the age of 18 to have a piercing as long as they have consented to it. Children under the age of 16 can't legally consent to a genital (or in the case of girls, nipple) piercing, as it's considered to be indecent assault."
BeautyTreatmentExpert - 13-Feb-18 @ 12:06 PM
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